The law on tinted glasses and sun film on cars in India

I was caught for having sun film on my car glass. It was put by the car company. Is it illegal?

As per a recent Supreme Court judgement clarification, the use of black films of any VLT (Visual Light Transmission) percentage or any other material upon the safety glasses, windscreens (front and rear) and side glasses of all vehicles throughout India is prohibited.
Even though it may have been fit by your car vendor or local mechanic, it is illegal and must be removed at the earliest.

Since when was the putting of the sun film made illegal?

The putting of sun film of any kind was never legal.

This was clarified in a Supreme Court Judgement of 4th May, 2012 – Avishek Goenka Vs. Union of India & Anr.

Manufacturers, mechanics etc. misled the public into believing that if an external film of permitted VLT (Visual Light Transmission) percentage was put, then it was legal. The Motor Vehicles Rules were interpreted to further the cause of the manufacturers and vendors. The Supreme Court in its judgement has shed some light on this point as well:

19. ….. Even if we assume, for the sake of argument, that Rule 100 is capable of any interpretation, then this Court should give it an interpretation which would serve the legislative intent and the object of framing such rules, in preference to one which would frustrate the very purpose of enacting the Rules as well as undermining the public safety and interest. Use of these black films have been proved to be criminal’s paradise and a social evil. ….

21. In the present case as well, even if some individual interests are likely to suffer, such individual or private interests must give in to the larger public interest.

What has always been permitted, is the use of tinted glass and not an external film put on top of the glass.

The law on tinted glasses and sun film on cars in India

The law on tinted glasses and sun film on cars in India

Can I have tinted glasses?

Yes. Tinted glass is allowed to be used in the vehicle as per the specifications below:

Rule 100. [(2) The glass of the windscreen and rear window of every motor vehicle shall be such and shall be maintained in such a condition that the visual transmission of light is not less than 70%. The glasses used for side windows are such and shall be maintained in such condition that the visual transmission of light is not less than 50%, and shall conform to Indian Standards [IS: 2553— Part 2—1992];

This rule applies to the manufacture of the safety glasses for the windshields (front and rear) and the side windows respectively. Use of films or any other material upon the windscreen or the side windows is prohibited. It is the VLT of the safety glass without any additional material being pasted upon the safety glasses which must conform with manufacturing specifications.

What about VIPs, politicians, Consulate Cars etc.? They roam around freely with very dark glasses

The Supreme Court has clearly stated that while there is no specific law which exempts persons to use the black films for security reasons, the responsibility is upon the police and Home Ministry to grant such an exemption.

The cases of the persons who have been provided with Z and Z+ security category may be considered by a Committee consisting of the Director General of Police/Commissioner of Police of the concerned State and the Home Secretary of that State/Centre.
Certificates should be provided only in relation to official cars of VIPs/VVIPs, depending upon the category of security that such person has been awarded. The State / Central  government is free to make any regulations.

This means that people who do not have Z or Z+ security cover are not permitted to use external sun films.

16 thoughts on “The law on tinted glasses and sun film on cars in India

  1. vikram

    Is there anyway to challenge this ruling
    I mean… Instead of taming the animal the supreme court has decided on executing it. Thus harming a common mans interest

  2. admin Post author

    Which ruling are you referring to? The law on sun film is passed by the parliament. This case has just explained the law.

  3. Sandeep

    Am from Kerala and settled in Goa. I have one two wheeler and four wheeler. Two wheeler. Is of Kerala registration and am using the same in Goa. I have payed the road tax during. Purchase. Of vehicle. Any problem. In using the vehicle. In Goa for a period. Of two years.

    Also Goa registered four wheeler can I use in kerala and Karnataka during my visit. To my home.

  4. Aidroos

    Sandeep, you can drive them around.
    In case you plan on moving to any other state apart from Goa, you are required to pay road tax in that state, which is not native to your vehicle registration.

  5. Prithvi

    With global warming, the temperatures are rising. Without Sun film, the AC has to work double to keep us cool. This results in more pollution and in more global warming.

    It is true that criminals benefit from this black film, but everyone isn’t a criminal.

    We need to challenge this. Otherwise, this Summer, we will begin to see deaths because of heat instead of criminals.

  6. admin Post author

    Glass tinting is permitted, if done by the manufacturer. Sun film or external application on the glass is not permitted.

  7. Arpan

    With skin allergy due to sunlight,and major sinusitis issue due to hot sun rays coming Inside the car and other side air condition. Which my Dr advice to keep Ac off because both sun rays one side and Ac other side effects my sinusitis immediately.
    Secondly due to sunlight my skin becomes red and get a rash and causes a lot of discomfort
    They should allow dark windows after police verification about the person using dark window due to medical reasons
    I feel a person who gets police verification done then government should allow such cases

  8. Avinash Singh

    This is a serious thing with me as i have undergone a facial surgery due to a cycle accident, however, my doctor has advised me to not to go directly in sunlight or more possible void it in best situation, as I got that handwritten and I went to the district magistrate of azamgarh UP, he then consulted withe government doctor and granted me the permission to use black film on my screen! My only question is that if i leave state and go to haryana or delhi I WILL FACE harrasment but what the best thing to do? Should I go DM to DM every state and take permission or what else I can do?? You damn well know that the police will be harrasing me if i put the film!! So what the best solution you can tell!! As I am not a z or z+ security person!! But on medical ground can I put sun film although I have the permission?

  9. Praveen

    If a vehicle is spotted with sunflim of above the mentioned levels. How much will be the penalty if police notices it?

  10. Amit

    Can I have tinted glasses?

    Yes. Tinted glass is allowed to be used in the vehicle as per the specifications below:

    Rule 100. [(2) The glass of the windscreen and rear window of every motor vehicle shall be such and shall be maintained in such a condition that the visual transmission of light is not less than 70%. The glasses used for side windows are such and shall be maintained in such condition that the visual transmission of light is not less than 50%, and shall conform to Indian Standards [IS: 2553— Part 2—1992];

    Is this still valid, coz I am buying a new car and there is an option of tinted glass. Can I buy it?

  11. Darshan

    I was travelling from nasik to goa during diwali. I have maruti ignis vehicle and I have fitted 30 percent tint glass for my vehicle. Police stopped me at kolhapur bypass and said my no plate is fancy and I have tint for my car. When I argued with his higher authority they released me without charging thing. My vehicle no is 1111. They said all characters and no should come in a single line. Mine 1111 is in bigger font compare to other. When I said I am from automobile industry and I know the rules of tint or license plate font they said I can go. If we argued with them legally they cant do anything. But I will suggest safety is important for us.

  12. Dakshina Moorthi

    So according to indian motor vehicle act, an general public should who owns a 4 wheeler is not allowed to fix tint flim on his/her vehicle right, Or is he allowed to do in such percentage such as 50% and 70%

  13. Bhupendra Singh

    Gujarat me koi rule nhi h kya sabhi gaddiyo me 100% black films lagi h kya waha p allowed h nhii na kyuki sab jagah ban h toh waha kyu?? Police wale bhi apni car m black films lagwate h unko allowed h kya vo kuch crime nhi kr skte…jab rules h toh sbke liye hona chaiye naa or criminal ko agr crime krna hoga toh vo toh kese bhi kro kr hi lega… par us wajh se aam aadmi ko pareshaniya dekhni pdti hai

  14. Vinoth Kannan

    I have Ford figo car… inbuilt Sun film M3.3 which is allowed or not? If I asked ford… says it’s within permissible level… please confirm

  15. Deepak Budhija

    Salman khan , Akshay kumar , Amitabh bachachan any many more actors used z black glasses car ,inke liye koi kanun nahi hai …? Plz treat be equally…

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