Category Archives: Useful Information

Intimation of Disapproval (IOD)

This article deals with the IOD or I. O. D. permission issued by the Municipal Authorities for Redevelopment of Buildings.

What is an Intimation of Disapproval?

An intimation of Disapproval is a letter issued by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) also known as the Brihanmumbai Mahanagarpalika issued to a Builder / Developer of a Property who proposes to undertake some construction work on an existing or new building.

Why is it called Disapproval? Isn’t it an Approval?

The wording of the letter is in the negative and all the conditions are also in the negative, which is why it is a Disapproval of permission until the time that the conditions are fulfilled.

The wording of the letter states that:

With reference to your Notice U/S 337 of MMC act submitted with letter No. ……………. dated ……………. and delivered on …………………. and the plans, Sections Specifications and Description and further particulars and details of your buildings at ……………… furnished to me under your letter, dated ………….20, I have to inform you that I cannot approve the building or work proposed to be erected or executed, and I therefore hereby formally intimate to you under section 346 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act as amended upto date, my disapproval by thereof reasons:-

1. That you shall not pay the sum of Rs. ………………. ( in Words Rs.) as a security deposit which may be forfeited in the extent of your failure to comply with any of the condition mentioned herein.

2. That you shall not intimate the Municipal authorities in writing immediately after the shed is removed by you on / before the expiry date.

Which laws govern the issue of the IOD?

Section 346 of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act deals with the issue of the IOD.

Why Do Some Traffic Signals Flash Red and Some Flash Yellow Amber in India?

Ever wondered, why do some traffic signals always flash red and others flash yellow/amber, especially at night? What do these flashing signals with different color codes mean? Do these blinking signals have any meaning?

If you have every stood at a cross road when the signals were working (but in standby mode on a continuous blink), like when a VIP was passing by or late at night when there is less traffic on the road, you may have seen that some traffic signals flash red and others flash yellow/amber.

They are specifically set to flash a specific color based on the type of road and based on the purpose of having the signal.

You will notice at a cross road, that the Arterial Road or Main Road or Highway will always have the Amber Light Flashing. A smaller road or a lane will have a Red Light Flashing. This is designed to allow the Arterial Road or Highway Traffic to have priority over the smaller road or the less priority road. A VIP Route or larger width road will always have traffic priority over a smaller road or lane.

What does a traffic signal blinking red indicate?

A red blinking signal indicates that the motorist must come to a complete stop and then proceed. They must yield or give way to the traffic coming from the other intersecting road.

What does a traffic signal blinking yellow/amber indicate?

A yellow blinking signal indicates that the motorist must come slow down and then proceed after checking if the road is clear. They get priority over the traffic coming from the other intersecting road.

The Difference Between Railway Protection Force (RPF) and Government Railway Police (GRP) in India

What is the RPF?

The RPF or Railway Protection Force is a statutory body which is set up under the The Railway Protection Force Act, 1957 with the primary responsibility of protecting the property of the Indian Railways.

As per the Railway Protection Force Act, 1957:
(e) “railway property” includes any goods, money or valuable security, or animal, belonging to, or in the charge or possession of, a railway administration;

What is GRP?

What is the difference between RPF and GRP?