First Information Report (FIR) in India
This article deals with the topic of an FIR or First Information Report.
What is an FIR?
Under section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and FIR is a report of First Information of a cognizable offence under the Indian Penal Code. It is basically a record of primary information received, regarding the commission of a criminal offence or crime as per IPC.
When is an FIR filed?
Where can an FIR be filed?
What does an FIR contain?
A First Information Report FIR contains the following fields:
- Acts and Sections
- Occurence of Offence: Day / Date from / Time / Date to / Time
Information Received at Police Station: Date / Time
General Diary Reference: Entry No. / Date / Time
- Type of Information: Written / Oral
- Place of Occurrence:
Direction and Distance from Police Station
Chouki/Beat/OP Name and No.
Address of Occurrence:
Name / No. if any / Ward / Name of Road
Nearest Identifiable place / Village / Post / Taluka / Distt. / State
In case, outside the limit of this Police Station: Taluka / Distt. / State
- Complainant / Informant:
Name / Father’s / Husbands Name
Date of Birth and Age / Nationality / Phone No.
Passport No. / Date of Issue / Place of Issue / Occupation
Religion / Caste / Sub-caste
Address / Ward / House Name / No. / Phone / M. No / PAN No. / Card No.
Road / Nearest Identifiable place / Village / Post / Police Station
Taluka / Distt. / State / Present Address
- Details, Name and Address of Known Accused (attach separate sheet if necessary) Particular physical features of suspect to be mentioned on form 1-B and maybe attached to case diary.
- Reasons for delay in reporting by the complainant / informant
- Particulars of properties stolen and involved (attach necessary proforma) Write down details on blank page.
- Total value of properties:
(a) stolen / involved
- Unnatural / Accidental Death Case No. (if any)
- First Information (brief contents) Attach separate sheet if required or write details overleaf on the blank side
- Action Taken: (since the above offence relates to commission of offence(s) under the sections mention in Item No. 2
(1) Registered the case or took up the investigation or Directed (Name of Investigating Officer / Rank / No. ) to take up the investigation or
(2) Refused investigation due to (Reason)
(3) Transferred to Police Station (Name) due to jurisdiction
- FIR Read over to the complainant / informant, admitted to be correctly recorded and a copy given to the Complainant / Informant free of cost.
Signature / Thumb impression of informant / Complainant
Signature of Officer in-charge: Name / Rank / No.
- Date and Time submitted to court
Posting Code No. of Investigating Officer
- Copy to: Complainant / Supdt. of Police / Inv Officer / Office Copy
Is there necessary /compulsory to enter the date time and place of occurance in fir and police diary