Category Archives: Criminal Law

First Information Report (FIR) in India

This article deals with the topic of an FIR or First Information Report.

What is an FIR?

Under section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and FIR is a report of First Information of a cognizable offence under the Indian Penal Code. It is basically a record of primary information received, regarding the commission of a criminal offence or crime as per IPC.

When is an FIR filed?

Where can an FIR be filed?

What does an FIR contain?

A First Information Report FIR contains the following fields:

  1. State
    District
    Police Station
    FIR No.
    Year
    Date
  2. Acts and Sections
  3. Occurence of Offence: Day / Date from / Time / Date to / Time
    Information Received at Police Station: Date / Time
    General Diary Reference: Entry No. / Date / Time
  4. Type of Information: Written / Oral
  5. Place of Occurrence:
    Direction and Distance from Police Station
    Chouki/Beat/OP Name and No.
    Address of Occurrence:
    Name / No. if any / Ward / Name of Road
    Nearest Identifiable place / Village / Post / Taluka / Distt. / State
    In case, outside the limit of this Police Station: Taluka / Distt. / State
  6. Complainant / Informant:
    Permanent Address
    Name / Father’s / Husbands Name
    Date of Birth and Age / Nationality / Phone No.
    Passport No. / Date of Issue / Place of Issue / Occupation
    Religion / Caste / Sub-caste
    Address / Ward / House Name / No. / Phone / M. No / PAN No. / Card No.
    Road / Nearest Identifiable place / Village / Post / Police Station
    Taluka / Distt. / State / Present Address
  7. Details, Name and Address of Known Accused (attach separate sheet if necessary) Particular physical features of suspect to be mentioned on form 1-B and maybe attached to case diary.
  8. Reasons for delay in reporting by the complainant / informant
  9. Particulars of properties stolen and involved (attach necessary proforma) Write down details on blank page.
  10. Total value of properties:
    (a) stolen / involved
    (b) recovered
  11. Unnatural / Accidental Death Case No. (if any)
  12. First Information (brief contents) Attach separate sheet if required or write details overleaf on the blank side
  13. Action Taken: (since the above offence relates to commission of offence(s) under the sections mention in Item No. 2
    (1) Registered the case or took up the investigation or Directed (Name of Investigating Officer / Rank / No. )  to take up the investigation or
    (2) Refused investigation due to (Reason)
    (3) Transferred to Police Station (Name) due to jurisdiction
  14. FIR Read over to the complainant / informant, admitted to be correctly recorded and a copy given to the Complainant / Informant free of cost.
    Signature / Thumb impression of informant / Complainant
    Signature of Officer in-charge: Name / Rank / No.
  15. Date and Time submitted to court
    Posting Code No. of Investigating Officer
  16. Copy to: Complainant / Supdt. of Police / Inv Officer / Office Copy

 

Sample of an FIR

FIR Sample

How does an FIR look? First Information Report Sample in India

What Is An A Summary, B Summary and C Summary Criminal Case?

A Summary Case

  • where the Magistrate classifies the case as true but undetected
  • where there is no clue whatsoever about the culprits or property or when the accused is known but there is no evidence to justify his being sent up to the Magistrate for trial

B Summary Case

  • where the Magistrate classifies the case as maliciously false
  • When there is no evidence or prima facie case against the accused
  • Applicable when false or frivolous cases are filed
  • A B Summary Report is filed by the Police in such a matter
  • Usually a final report
  • Will lead to acquittal of the accused, upon acceptance by the Court
  • the police have to become the complainant and register a case against the original complainant, stating that he had complained to the police with malicious intent

C Summary Case

  • When the case is neither true nor false
  • A C Summary report is issued by the Police in such a matter
  • When the criminal case was filed due to mistake of facts or the offence complained about is of a civil nature